Physical therapy is the set of techniques used in the treatment and prevention of disease and injury. The physiotherapist prevents diagnoses and treats dysfunctions of the human organism caused by accidents, genetic malformation, or posture addiction. It uses methods such as massage and gymnastics to restore and develop the physical and functional capacity of the patient. It also has water, heat, cold, and individual appliances treatments. In addition to helping the recovery of injured patients with neurological, cardiac, or respiratory disorders, it works with the elderly, pregnant women, children, and those with physical or mental disabilities.
Let’s discuss in brief about the treatment methods commonly used within the scope of physical therapy.
Therapists use this form of physical therapy most widely. These are movements applied to joints or soft tissues by loosening techniques by specially trained physiotherapists. Increases blood flow and move in the common area relaxes muscles, relieves pain, and provides relief. If the muscles need to be strengthened, active exercises and therapies improve and strengthen the muscles.
Superficial Hot And Cold Applications (Physical Therapy)
In physical therapy, superficial heaters are used to provide blood circulation and soft tissue flexibility. This treatment not only reduces stiffness in the joints but also contributes to the healing of tissues. It is aimed to relax the patient by applying hot moist compresses. Thermal spas are also very supportive during physical therapy.
Also, the purpose of the cold application is to aggravate blood circulation and slow down nerve conduction velocity to reduce the sensation of pain. In this way, patients can easily escape edema and muscle spasm.
Ultrasound Physical Therapy
Ultrasound is sound waves with a higher frequency than sounds that a person can hear. This method applied to soft tissues in physiotherapy and provided small vibrations. This micro-massage effect increases circulation and reduces pain. In the new period, a stronger and more effective treatment method created by combining the effects of cold and ultrasound.
Hydrotherapy Physical Therapy
In hydrotherapy, properties such as buoyancy, pressure, and resistance of water used. It used for the recovery of health and the improvement of physical abilities lost due to various reasons. Hydrotherapy exercise programs applied in the pool or swirl water bath. Besides, relaxation, sleep disturbance, and stress in people can be useful.
Every cell needs electrical activity to function correctly. Vibrating magnetic field therapy revitalizes body tissues. It is a safe and straightforward treatment they apply to the painful area. It is useful in the treatment of pain and accelerating tissue healing. Furthermore, they use this natural method in the treatment of many diseases. Above all, the therapy has a wide application area, easy application, being a natural method, and having no side effects carries magnetotherapy to a significant place.
Generally, it is a treatment to delay the effects of aging and improve the quality of life. Additionally, it cures neck hernia, muscle, and skeletal systems and provides healing in wounds. The laser types used in this application have deficient energy. It eliminates toxins that cause pain in the heated tissue, and its long-term effect is the most significant advantage as well as the absence of side effects.
Electrotherapy is a treatment that uses electric currents at various frequencies to eliminate pain and strengthen weak muscles. They use it to accelerate circulation and reduce edema in chronic pain. It aims to eliminate the sensation of pain by reducing the sensory nerves thanks to the low current flow.